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When recession of the gingiva (gum) occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.
When there is only minor recession, some healthy gum often remains and protects the tooth so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods and drinks, as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. Significant gum recession is also linked to damage to the root surface. The tooth root is softer than enamel and can lead to root caries and root gouging.
A gum graft is designed to solve these problems. Dr. Bloch applies a thin piece of tissue taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The gum graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.
The gum graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.
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Garry J. Bloch, D.M.D.
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Dr Garry Bloch your Pittsburgh Periodontist provides Dental Implants, Non-Surgical Periodontics, Bone Grafting, Cosmetic Periodontal Surgery.
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